Skip to content Skip to footer
Three lawyers in an office checking paperwork

Solicitor Vs Lawyer: What Really Is The Difference?

In the legal world, the terms “solicitor” and “lawyer” are often used interchangeably, leading to confusion among the general public. While both professions deal with legal matters, they play distinct roles in the legal system. Understanding the difference between solicitors and lawyers is essential, especially when seeking legal assistance. 

In this article, we aim to clarify the distinctions between solicitors and lawyers, shedding light on their respective roles, responsibilities, and areas of practice.

Solicitors: Legal Advisors and Client Representatives

In the legal context, a solicitor is a qualified legal professional who provides advice, assistance, and representation to clients on various legal matters. Solicitors primarily work with individuals and corporate clients, offering legal guidance on personal and business-related issues. 

Their role is multifaceted, ranging from drafting legal documents and contracts to advising clients on legal rights and obligations.

Responsibilities of Solicitors

The responsibilities of solicitors can vary depending on their areas of specialisation and the specific needs of their clients. Here are some common responsibilities of solicitors:

Legal Advice

Solicitors provide clients with professional advice on legal matters, such as contract disputes, property transactions, family law issues, and more. 

Solicitors negotiate on behalf of their clients to resolve disputes or reach agreements with other parties.

Document Preparation

They draft legal documents, including contracts, wills, and agreements, ensuring that these documents are legally valid and binding. 

Solicitors build and maintain relationships with their clients, offering ongoing legal support as needed.

Representation in Court

While solicitors primarily work outside of court, they can also represent clients in certain legal proceedings, such as small claims cases.

Lawyers: Legal Advocates in Court

On the other hand, the term “lawyer” is a more general and comprehensive term that refers to any individual who has finished their legitimate education and is authorized to provide legal counselling. 

Lawyers can work in various capacities, including solicitors, barristers, legal consultants, and more. 

Responsibilities of Lawyers

The primary duty of lawyers is to represent and advocate for their clients’ legal interests. Here are some common responsibilities of lawyers:

Courtroom Advocacy

Lawyers, particularly barristers, specialise in representing clients in court, presenting their cases before judges and juries. 

Like solicitors, lawyers engage in negotiation and mediation to reach settlements for their clients.

Legal Consultation

Lawyers provide legal advice and counsel on a wide range of issues, much like solicitors. Lawyers conduct extensive research on legal matters to build strong cases and support their arguments.

Drafting Legal Arguments

Lawyers prepare legal arguments and briefs to present in court or during negotiations. This process involves thorough research, analysis of relevant laws and precedents, and effective communication skills. Here

Key Differences between Solicitors and Lawyers

The terms “solicitors” and “lawyers” are often used interchangeably in some regions, but in certain jurisdictions, they refer to distinct legal professions with different roles and responsibilities. 

The main differences between solicitors and lawyers can be summarised as follows:

Scope of Practice

Solicitors primarily handle non-contentious legal matters and work directly with clients, while lawyers may represent clients in court and engage in courtroom advocacy.


Solicitors represent clients in lower courts, such as magistrates’ courts, while lawyers, particularly barristers, represent clients in higher courts.


The term “lawyer” is more generic and includes various legal professionals, while “solicitor” refers to a specific type of lawyer with a distinct role.

Bottom Line

Solicitors serve as legal advisors and representatives for clients in non-contentious matters, while lawyers, including barristers, can engage in courtroom advocacy and represent clients in court. Understanding these distinctions is crucial when seeking legal assistance to ensure you find the right professional to handle your specific legal needs. 

Whether you require legal advice, representation in court, or assistance with legal documents, both solicitors and lawyers play integral roles in providing essential legal services to individuals and businesses alike.